Rice Blast Disease (Magnaporthe oryzae): A Menace to Rice Production and Humanity

Main Article Content

G. O. Agbowuro
M. S. Afolabi
E. F. Olamiriki
S. O. Awoyemi

Abstract

Rice blast disease is one of the major constraints to rice production, threatening food security globally. Rice grain production losses due to the disease leads economic losses to the farmers, and to an increase in global rice price as a result of the supply that is far below the consumer demand. The losses from the disease annually was estimated to feed over 60 million individual. The disease has been studied comprehensively by researchers due to the importance attached to rice and its vast spread and destructiveness across the globe. A good understanding of the pathogen causing the disease, its life cycle and development, epidemiology, symptoms, management strategy will offer a good insight into the disease incidence and give an appropriate and effective decision-making in its management. Different control measures have been adopted managing the disease, including the use of resistant varieties. Integrated disease management strategies coupled with good agronomy practices are required for successful control of rice blast for food security. This review, therefore, examined the fundamentals of rice blast disease (Magnaporthe oryzae) and offered strategies to minimize the disease activities to ensure proper production and increase the supply of rice grains.

Keywords:
Agronomy practices, food security, integrated disease management, pathogen, rice grain

Article Details

How to Cite
Agbowuro, G. O., Afolabi, M. S., Olamiriki, E. F., & Awoyemi, S. O. (2020). Rice Blast Disease (Magnaporthe oryzae): A Menace to Rice Production and Humanity. International Journal of Pathogen Research, 4(3), 32-39. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpr/2020/v4i330114
Section
Review Article

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