The 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak: Current Crises, Controversies and Global Strategies to Prevent a Pandemic

Seyi Samson Enitan *

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria.

Isaiah Nnana Ibeh

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Adeolu Sunday Oluremi

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria.

Ayodeji OluSola Olayanju

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

Grace Eleojo Itodo

Department of Medical Microbiology, Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCov) has been implicated in the outbreak of an uncommon pneumonia in Chinese City of Wuhan, Hubei Province first reported in late December 2019. Since then, infection has spread to other Chinese cities, as well as internationally, threatening to trigger a pandemic. On January 30 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) in an effort to slow down the global spread of the virus declared the outbreak, “A global public health emergency of international concern”. As at the time of this review, there were more than 31 000 confirmed cases and 638 deaths reported globally. Controversies exist on the origin of the virus with diverse views. The swift rise in morbidity and mortality rate of the virus has caused widespread alarm in China and other parts of the world. This review is aimed at providing relevant information on the possible origin of the virus, its mode of transmission, associated risk factors, existing controversies, consequences of the current trend and control interventions required to halt the widespread of the new coronavirus outbreak.

Keywords: 2019-n Coronavirus, outbreak, public health, impact, crises, controversies, control.


How to Cite

Enitan, S. S., Ibeh, I. N., Oluremi, A. S., Olayanju, A. O., & Itodo, G. E. (2020). The 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak: Current Crises, Controversies and Global Strategies to Prevent a Pandemic. International Journal of Pathogen Research, 4(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpr/2020/v4i130099

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