https://journalijpr.com/index.php/IJPR/issue/feed International Journal of Pathogen Research 2021-01-15T09:47:24+00:00 International Journal of Pathogen Research contact@journalijpr.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Journal of Pathogen Research (ISSN:&nbsp;2582-3876)</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers related to all aspects of pathogens and pathogen-host interactions.&nbsp;The journal covers all pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungi, prions, parasites, and protozoa that infect humans or animals, the&nbsp;diagnosis, management, or treatment for pathogen-related diseases, the diseases that have important medical, agricultural, and economic consequences as well as environmental and public health implications. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> https://journalijpr.com/index.php/IJPR/article/view/30150 Assessment of the Safety of ‘Suya’ Condiment Vended in Three Communities in Rivers State, Nigeria 2021-01-15T01:10:37+00:00 Onoriode C. Eruteya onoriode.eruteya@uniport.edu.ng El-Praise J. Nmehielle <p><strong>Aims:</strong> The essence of this research was to assess the microbiological quality of suya condiments/spices sold at different points in Obio/Akpor (Choba and Rumuepirikom) and Ikwerre (Aluu) Local Government Areas, Rivers State and reduction of microbial load using home microwave oven.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> Completely randomized design with two replications and average values calculated.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> Food and Industrial Microbiology Laboratory, University of Port and Emadavistic Medical and Research Laboratory, Osaks House, East-West road Port Harcourt for three months.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Twelve (12) samples of already formulated suya condiments/spices were sampled from twelve different suya vendors at Choba, Rumuepirikom, and Aluu. Standard methods were used for the microbiological analyses and microbial inactivation using home microwave oven.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The total plate counts (log10 CFU/g) for the samples ranged from 5.35 to 6.29, 5.67 to 6.09, and 5.88 to 6.36 for samples collected from Choba, Rumuepirikom and Aluu respectively. The isolated bacteria on the basis of cultural, physiological and biochemical characteristics were identified as: <em>Staphylococcus</em> spp. (44.4%), <em>Salmonella</em> spp. (11.1%), <em>Bacillus</em> spp. (35.2%), <em>Shigella</em> sp. (1.9%), <em>Enterobacter</em> sp. (3.7%) and <em>Streptococcus</em> sp. (3.7%) from all three locations. A decrease in the microbial load was noted as exposure time increased from 0 to 60 s. (exposure to what)</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> In all, suya condiments collected for this study were contaminated with bacteria of public health significance which suggest the need for microbial inactivation and an improvement in hygiene practice during processing and storage.</p> 2021-01-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalijpr.com/index.php/IJPR/article/view/30151 Biorational Management of Pulse Bettle (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) on Chickpea Seeds 2021-01-15T09:47:24+00:00 Arafat Hasan arafatabirbau@gmail.com Mehedi Hasan Keya Akter Sonia Sultana Tasnia Ummul Wara Al-Mehedi Hasan <p>The pulse beetle, <em>Callosobruchus chinensis</em> is one of the major insect pest in stored pulse (i.e. Chickpea seeds) causing 40-50% losses of pulses in storage. Experiments were conducted to study the efficacy of some selected biorational insecticides on mortality of beetle, weight loss of seeds, fecundity and hatchability of pulse beetle, <em>Callosobruchus chinensis </em>under laboratory condition. Among the different botanicals, Neem oil (89.00%) was found the most effective in case of mortality of pulse beetle in direct method followed by Mahogany oil (78.00%) and Karanja oil (62.00%). Among different microbial derivatives, Spinosad was found most effective considering mortality followed by Emamectin benzoate and Abamectin. Among botanicals the highest percentage of weight reduction was observed in Karanja oil (30.18%) and the lowest (22.43%) was in Neem oil while among microbial derivatives the lowest percentage of seed weight reduction was obtained from Spinosad (11.15%) and the highest percentage of weight reduction was obtained from Abamectin (20.37%). No. of eggs laid per female was recorded highest in Karanja oil (24.00) and lowest in Spinosad (19.33). The hatchability percentage was highest in Karanza oil (21.73%) and lowest in Neem (12.89%) and in case of chemical treatment lowest in spinosad (6.05%) and highest in Ebamectin (14.42%). Neem oil and Spinosad were found effective against pulse beetle in storage condition. Therefore, Neem oil and Spinosad might be included in the development of IPM packages for the management of pulse beetle in the storage.</p> 2021-01-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##